Mobile App Development | 16-Aug-19

How to choose the Best Technology Stack for Mobile Application?

Writen By Sumit Bedi

Founder & CEO @Appknit

Technology Stack for Mobile Application

Mobile Apps are on a roll. Everyone is using apps for day to day activities. From ordering a cab to finding your date, everything happens on your smartphone apps. People’s expectations from technology are ever-increasing. Hence, if you want to play in this game, you need to have the latest mobile apps with best overall performance to stand out in the cut-throat competition in the world of mobile apps. The most crucial aspect of mobile apps is the technology behind it. Choosing the best technology stack for mobile application will decide its present performance and future growth.


Various Technology Stacks used for Mobile Apps


What is Technology Stack?

Technology Stack, also known by the name solutions stack, is a data ecosystem. In layman terms, it is the list of technology services that are used to create and manage a single application. The technology stack for mobile app development has 2 aspects:

1.   Frontend Development which is the interface of the mobile app through which the user interacts with the app.

2.   Backend Development which does the work of taking the input and processing it to convert it into output.


Different Technology Stacks For Mobile Applications:

Front End Android

Android is one of the most used OS on the planet. It has millions of apps and more than a billion users. You can say that

“If you want to reach to reach the masses, go for the Android.”

Android Studio is the most commonly used IDE. It aids in developing cutting edge advanced apps by allowing editing of codes, debugging, and performance tooling. Android Developer tools enable the use of a graphical UI builder and help in coding and debugging tools for native apps. Android uses two languages- Java and Kotlin.

Java was one of the most popular languages for around two decades. The second one, Kotlin, is a high-level language which is fast becoming Google’s preferred language.


Android Mobile App Technology Stack Comparison


Front End iOS

iOS mobile application uses Apples Xcode or Jet Brains Appcode for the toolset. Xcode, the official IDE of Apple Inc., supports the creation of native apps and gaming apps followed by publishing it on the Apple App Store. It makes Xcode a useful UI development tool as well as it supports other iOS platforms and languages. Xcode’s Interface Builder enables designing interface without the use of codes, unlike Appcode. Jet Brains Appcode allows faster coding and supports many languages. The SDK for iOS skilfully connects the operating platforms with software applications. It includes API which has many libraries and tools. The iOS tech stack uses languages Objective-C and Swift. 


iOS Mobile App Tech Stack Comparison


Back End – Server Side Things- PHP, Database, Node JS

The back end shoulders a complete software stack and includes the operating system, database, etc. PHP or Hypertext Preprocessor is a server-side scripting language which is open-sourced. Node JS is open-sourced too but uses Javascript. To be specific, Node JS is built on Chrome’s V8 Javascript engine. The most important difference between the two is that PHP is synchronous while Node JS is asynchronous when it comes to execution of codes.


Backend Tech Stack Comparison


Hence, no technology stack is perfect. All technology stacks have their pros and cons. It all depends on what you are looking for in your mobile app. You should consider all the following factors before deciding on a Technology Stack for mobile application: 

1.) User Experience that a tech stack can deliver 

2.) Security of the app 

3.) Scalability of the system

4.) Ease of availability of developers with the skill set of the Tech Stack

5.) Focus & Core competence of the Parent Company backing the Technology

To optimize for all the above factors in the current market situation we recommend the following: 

“Kotlin for Android apps, Swift for iOS apps and Node JS for the backend.” 

But you can choose any Tech Stack that you think is right for your mobile app. If the right process of app development is followed any Tech Stack will give you a great result. We will be glad to answer any questions you might have regarding the choice of Technology Stack. 

Happy App Building!

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